At the birth of the 21st century a
crucial challenge that faces Malaysians is to
achieve full employment and maintain the
economic growth globally as well as socially.
Quality and quantity of employment and provide a
groundwork for new education and training
policies and strategies in the sole virtue of
contributing to promote the interest of
individuals, enterprises, economy and to society
By providing employment basically to create a
informed citizen, human resources development
plays a vital role in contributing to the
economic development in achieving full
employment and promoting social inclusion. They
extend a helping hand to individuals to attain
decent work and good jobs.
Education and skill in hand could lead to less
unemployment and contribute more equity in
employment. Education and training alone cannot
circumvent this problem as it has to work
simultaneously with economic, employment and
other policies to establish in a well equitable
manner the new knowledge and skills based in
Education and training have dual functions i.e
developing skills and knowledge that will help
the country, enterprises and individuals to grab
the opportunities and enhance employability,
productivity and to have earning capacity.
Various centre for skill training has been
operating in various states in our country such
as MLVK centres, Pusat Giat MARA, IKBN
Institutes, JMTI, ADTEC, ILP Institutes, CIAST,
Polytechnics and Mara Colleges.
Here are the advantages of skill trainings:-
Training and education needs in
the modern world of work in both developing and developed countries, and
promote social equity in the global economy;
Advance the decent work concept
through defining the role of education and training;
Promote lifelong learning,
enhance employability of the world’s workers, and address the economic
Recognize the various
responsibilities for investment and funding of education and training;
Promote national, regional and
international qualifications frameworks which include provisions for prior
Improve access and equity of
opportunity for all workers to education and training;
Build the capacity of the social
partners for partnerships in education and training;
Address the need for increased
technical and financial assistance for the less advantage countries and
To Individual School Leavers and Workers
By acquiring the Malaysian Skill Certificates,
job and career development prospects can be
enhanced, since Certificate-holders have been
assessed and verified as fulfilling the
requirements of gainful employment in Malaysian
Individuals may project themselves as dignified
professionals in their own rights, thus
enhancing the status of skills jobs and careers
Individuals who have acquired job competencies,
either through training or prior learning and
achievements, can be individually assessed and
The 5-level national skill qualification
framework provides individuals with a career
development path, which promotes upward mobility
and lifelong learning.
The national system seeks to change the negative
societal perception and low image of
skills-based careers, as only for those deemed
to have failed academically, thus giving greater
recognition to the skilled workforce in the
To employers and industry
It provides a common platform for trainees of
all skills training institutions, both public
and privately-run, to obtain the same national
skill certificate, thus reducing the problems of
having too many different skills and vocational
certificates in the Malaysian job market.
By giving due consideration the recruitment and
selection of the right persons for skilled jobs
can be enhanced.
The MLVK 5-level skill qualification framework
provides a basis for developing a fairer and
more systematic compensation and career
structures for skilled jobs.
It can promote a climate for better industrial
relations at the workplace, by providing a
common understanding of skilled job
Using NOSS as reference can assist the
evaluation of in-house training activities,
identification of skill training needs, and
setting of training objectives ultimately as
benchmarking and as a performance enhancement
tool that can improve productivity.
By encouraging workers to go for further
training, and gain national skill
qualifications, help demonstrate organizational
commitment to the investment in people.
By encouraging workers to gain higher skill
qualifications can promote lifelong learning.
By placing emphasis on the achievement of
outcomes (competencies) based on actual
workplace requirements, the national system
seeks to produce more competent skilled workers.
WHAT IS NOSS ALL ABOUT?
NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL SKILL STANDARDS (NOSS)
In order to ensure that skill training
programmes are benchmarked against actual
workplace requirements, as required in the
competency-based training approach, the NVTC
develops National Occupational Skill Standards (NOSS)
for specific job areas.
NOSS is defined as 'a specification of the
competencies expected of a skilled worker who is
gainfully employed in Malaysia for an
occupational area and level'. NVTC develops NOSS
with the direct participation of industry
experts and practitioners, in order to ensure
that every NOSS reflects workplace competency
requirements in the relevant industry. Up to
April 2001, the NVTC has approved NOSS for a
total of 456 job areas covering various industry
By utilising NOSS as the basis for developing
and delivering training programmes, training
providers are ensuring that their graduates
effectively meet the workplace competency
requirements expected by the Malaysian industry.
Such a competency-based approach to the
development of skilled workforce in Malaysia.
The National Skill Certification system is also
beneficial to skill training providers, in other
ways, such as the following :-