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Skills Training Guide

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At the birth of the 21st century a crucial challenge that faces Malaysians is to achieve full employment and maintain the economic growth globally as well as socially. Quality and quantity of employment and provide a groundwork for new education and training policies and strategies in the sole virtue of contributing to promote the interest of individuals, enterprises, economy and to society at large.


By providing employment basically to create a informed citizen, human resources development plays a vital role in contributing to the economic development in achieving full employment and promoting social inclusion. They extend a helping hand to individuals to attain decent work and good jobs.


Education and skill in hand could lead to less unemployment and contribute more equity in employment. Education and training alone cannot circumvent this problem as it has to work simultaneously with economic, employment and other policies to establish in a well equitable manner the new knowledge and skills based in economy globally.


Education and training have dual functions i.e developing skills and knowledge that will help the country, enterprises and individuals to grab the opportunities and enhance employability, productivity and to have earning capacity.


Various centre for skill training has been operating in various states in our country such as MLVK centres, Pusat Giat MARA, IKBN Institutes, JMTI, ADTEC, ILP Institutes, CIAST, Polytechnics and Mara Colleges.


Here are the advantages of skill trainings:-


  • Training and education needs in the modern world of work in both developing and developed countries, and promote social equity in the global economy;

  • Advance the decent work concept through defining the role of education and training;

  • Promote lifelong learning, enhance employability of the world’s workers, and address the economic challenges;

  • Recognize the various responsibilities for investment and funding of education and training;

  • Promote national, regional and international qualifications frameworks which include provisions for prior learning;

  • Improve access and equity of opportunity for all workers to education and training;

  • Build the capacity of the social partners for partnerships in education and training;

  • Address the need for increased technical and financial assistance for the less advantage countries and societies.


To Individual School Leavers and Workers

By acquiring the Malaysian Skill Certificates, job and career development prospects can be enhanced, since Certificate-holders have been assessed and verified as fulfilling the requirements of gainful employment in Malaysian industry. 


Individuals may project themselves as dignified professionals in their own rights, thus enhancing the status of skills jobs and careers at large.


Individuals who have acquired job competencies, either through training or prior learning and achievements, can be individually assessed and qualified.


The 5-level national skill qualification framework provides individuals with a career development path, which promotes upward mobility and lifelong learning.


The national system seeks to change the negative societal perception and low image of skills-based careers, as only for those deemed to have failed academically, thus giving greater recognition to the skilled workforce in the country.


To employers and industry  

It provides a common platform for trainees of all skills training institutions, both public and privately-run, to obtain the same national skill certificate, thus reducing the problems of having too many different skills and vocational certificates in the Malaysian job market.


By giving due consideration the recruitment and selection of the right persons for skilled jobs can be enhanced.

The MLVK 5-level skill qualification framework provides a basis for developing a fairer and more systematic compensation and career structures for skilled jobs.


It can promote a climate for better industrial relations at the workplace, by providing a common understanding of skilled job requirements.


Using NOSS as reference can assist the evaluation of in-house training activities, identification of skill training needs, and setting of training objectives ultimately as benchmarking and as a performance enhancement tool that can improve productivity. 


By encouraging workers to go for further training, and gain national skill qualifications, help demonstrate organizational commitment to the investment in people.


By encouraging workers to gain higher skill qualifications can promote lifelong learning.

By placing emphasis on the achievement of outcomes (competencies) based on actual workplace requirements, the national system seeks to produce more competent skilled workers.





In order to ensure that skill training programmes are benchmarked against actual workplace requirements, as required in the competency-based training approach, the NVTC develops National Occupational Skill Standards (NOSS) for specific job areas.


NOSS is defined as 'a specification of the competencies expected of a skilled worker who is gainfully employed in Malaysia for an occupational area and level'. NVTC develops NOSS with the direct participation of industry experts and practitioners, in order to ensure that every NOSS reflects workplace competency requirements in the relevant industry. Up to April 2001, the NVTC has approved NOSS for a total of 456 job areas covering various industry sectors.


By utilising NOSS as the basis for developing and delivering training programmes, training providers are ensuring that their graduates effectively meet the workplace competency requirements expected by the Malaysian industry. Such a competency-based approach to the development of skilled workforce in Malaysia.


The National Skill Certification system is also beneficial to skill training providers, in other ways, such as the following :-

Adopting, or shifting towards, competency-based training approaches.

Enhancing the corporate and public image of the training institution, by virtue of its status as an approved Accredited Centre for National Skill Certification.

Allowing trainees to gain access to training loan provided under the Skill Development Fund, which started its operation on 2 January 2001.

Adding value to existing academic or training programmes, to produce graduates who are more marketable and relevant to workplace requirements.

Providing graduates with greater opportunities for upward skill qualification and job mobility.

Demonstrating contribution and commitment to national efforts, particularly in terms of skill qualifications, rather than subscribing to or being dependent on foreign-based qualifications.  


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